Employing contrastive analysis hypothesis in teaching
Contrastive analysis cc fries, a distinct american linguist, holding that the most effective materials consist of scientific description of target language compared with parallel description of one's native language, instituted the study of contrastive linguistics in 1945 (pan, ned). In the field of language teaching, ca has been influential through the contrastive analysis hypothesis, as fries point out: the most efficient materials are those that are based upon a scientific description of the languages to be learned, carefully compared with a parallel description of the native language of the learner (1945, p. 2 contrastive analysis and foreign language teaching culture of the student _ this assumption has come to be known as the contrastive hypothesis in its . Contrastive analysis hypothesis is criticized for not all problems predicted by contrastive analysis always appear to be difficult for the students on the other hand, many errors that do turn up are not predicted by contrastive analysis.
Contrastive analysis suffers from under prediction and over prediction it cannot find out the errors which are committed by the learners due to overgeneralization ca is inadequate to predict the interference problems of a language learner no uniformity is evident in contrastive analysis hypothesis. Second language acquisition focus of teaching should be on where the l1 contrastive analysis hypothesis contrastive analysis. Employing contrastive analysis hypothesis in teaching english passive voice by: connie tanone, spd, mpd widya mandala catholic university surabaya. The theoretical foundations for what became known as the contrastive analysis hypothesis were formulated in robert lado's second language teaching: despite ca's .
Interlanguage, the three contrastive linguistic theories that can be particularly helpful in identifying and understanding the main causes of learners’ errors 21 contrastive analysis contrastive analysis hypothesis is a research approach which is supported by the behaviourism theory and was mostly used in the 60’s. A review of contrastive analysis hypothesis with a phonological and syntactical view: a cross-linguistic study the buckingham journal of language and linguistics . 311 the strong version of contrastive analysis hypothesis in the literature, cah is classified into two versions.
Contribution of error analysis to foreign language teaching abstract: it is inevitable that learners make mistakes in the process of foreign language learning. Contrastive analysis (ca) was a hypothesis pioneered in the late 1950s by robert lado and his book linguistics across cultures ca was developed to examine the differences between two languages in an effort to identify problem areas for language learners. Download citation on researchgate | the contrastive analysis hypothesis | the claim that the best language-teaching materials are based on a contrast of the two competing linguistic systems has .
Employing contrastive analysis hypothesis in teaching
Contrastive analysis introduction: definition: contrastive analysis means the comparison of two languages by paying attention to differences and similarities between languages being compared • it was first suggested by whorf (1941) as contrastive linguistics , a comparative study which emphasizes on linguistic differences. Further divided into two categories: (1) the analysis of evaluating concepts in particular languages such as japanese and german and (2) a contrastive analysis for evaluating concepts that exist between two languages such as japanese and american english, or japanese and german. The strong version of the contrastive analysis hypothesis is associated with charles fries and robert ladoit predicts that second language learners will have difficulty with aspects (structures, or vocabulary) which differ from their first language, and conversely no problems with aspects which are similar in their first language. The contrastive analysis hypothesis in language teaching the contrastive analysis hypothesis is founded on the assumption that learners tend to transfer grammatical and phonological features peculiar to their native tongue to the second language.
Contrastive analysis was used extensively in the field of second language acquisition (sla) in the 1960s and early 1970s, as a method of explaining why some features of a target language were more difficult to acquire than others. Another blow came via a hypothesis called contrastive analysis which was to prove behaviorism and structuralism however, it failed to provide the answers needed to prove the theory the results showed comparing languages was very difficult from a transfer standpoint as different languages had different features that couldn’t be easily .
2 contrastive analysis and foreign language teaching pairwise language comparison has been used in the description of foreign languages at least since the 19 th century in europe (cf fisiak 1981 for pertinent references). The topic under consideration is the potential value of contrastive analysis (henceforth: ca) for the future of second language education a brief review of the psychological basis of ca is considered along with the linguistic developments associated with the movement. Of contrastive analysis which was the favored way of describing learners' language in the 1950s and 1960s (p 42) the process involved in ca is the comparison of learners' mother tongue and the target language. Strong versus weak versions of cah (contrastive analysis hypothesis) strong version involves predicting errors in second language learning based upon an a priori.